Brief introduction about various hair transplant techniques

Do you have a receding hairline or inlets, a balding crown? Is a previous hair implantation performed elsewhere not delivering the expected results or it resulted in visible scarring that need be corrected? Do you think for a long time about getting a hair transplant? Then you've come to the right place!

Hair restoration techniques

  • F.U.T.  method: In FUT or Follicular Unit Transplantation a strip of skin is removed from the scalp. Its size is dependent of the size of the surgery. The strip of skin is cut into pieces and the FU (follicular units called grafts) are implanted in holes made in the implant site.
  • F.U.E. method: In FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction, the grafts are harvested with a small hollow drill, having a diameter of 0.6 to 1.0 mm. The harvested grafts will be placed, just like in the case of FUT,  in the holes made in the implantation area.
  • iF.U.E. method: In iFUE, or intermittent Follicular Unit Extraction, the grafts are handled in the same way as the FUE method but they are implanted sooner, at shorter intervals.

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FUT

The Follicular Unit Transplantation is also known as the Strip hair transplant. In this case the hair roots harvested from the back or the sides of the head (named donor area) are extracted and implanted in the bald areas.

A strip of skin is removed from the donor area using a surgical knife. From this strip the hair root groups, called follicular units (FU), are collected and processed. These units typically comprise one, two or three hairs. These units are then divided under magnification of a microscope.The missing strip is then closed as well as possible so that the skin wound closes in order to leave as thin as possible rectilinear scar behind.

This FUT method has been and is still used for many decades, by many hairclinics, and although it will deliver good results, this technique is nowadays regarded as being quite outdated. The main disadvantage of the FUT hair transplantation technique is the scar left behind, which in most cases, remains clearly visible when wearing a short haircut.

FUE

In the case of Follicular Extraction Unit (FUE) the hair roots (grafts) are extracted one by one with the aid of a microsurgical hollow drill bit with a diameter of 0.6 to 1.0 mm, manually or semi-automatically, and later they are implanted in the desired zone.

Due to the finesse of the technique, this method does not leave major visible scars, and as such, one can wear a short haircut during summer days.

Disadvantage: the nature of the FUE method requires that the whole head should be shaved prior to the treatment, in the case of more than 1000 implanted grafts.

In the case of small interventions or at women, we offer a no-shave option. However, for this option to be implemented, one must wear a long enough haircut on the back of the head so that the shaved donor area comprised of several centimeters, to be easily covered.

The FUE hair transplant is more labor intensive compared to the FUT method, especially for the doctor, hence the costs are higher. As mentioned before, this minimally-invasive method heals very well and quite quickly, leaving no visible scar.

iFUE

The iFUE is technically speaking a FUE hair transplant method, but it is regarded as second generation FUE.

The standard FUE method is considered to have a number of shortcomings.

Due to the labor-intensive nature of the FUE method, the extraction of the hair roots requires that the grafts remain for quite a long period of time outside their natural environment, where they are oxygenated and nourished by blood, hence, it is likely that a part of the implants has a lower chance of survival after implantation.

Based on the experience of several colleagues as well as doctor Eberson’s own practice, they have improved the traditional FUE method of treatment.

In the case of iFUE, the grafts are used carefully extracted and preserved in a special storage medium but they are implanted at much shorter intervals than the standard FUE method as such achieving a greater survival rate than traditional FUT and/or  traditional FUE hair transplants.

The healing of the donor and implant sites is more convenient than traditional FUE method.